Regulação 4.0 - Vol. II - Ed. 2020

Regulação 4.0 - Vol. II - Ed. 2020

Regulação 4.0 - Vol. II - Ed. 2020

Regulação 4.0 - Vol. II - Ed. 2020

Victor, The Brazilian Supreme Court’S Artificial Intelligence: A Beauty Or a Beast?

Victor, The Brazilian Supreme Court’S Artificial Intelligence: A Beauty Or a Beast?

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Daniel Becker

Isabela Ferrari

Introduction

Recently, empirical reports from the Brazilian National Council of Justice (CNJ) have shed light on the numbers of the Brazilian Courts. There is a backlog of almost 80 million lawsuits waiting for a final and binding decision (1 for every 2.6 inhabitants). Additionally, Brazil spends almost 2% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) with the Judiciary Branch, which is more than any other country in the world. 1

There were many attempts to tackle the crisis of the justice system; however, all of them have failed. For instance, despite the efforts to promote alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms in Brazil, to date only 10% of the lawsuits end in a settlement.

The implementation of technology in the Brazilian Courts seems to be the only way out. Adopting cutting-edge technology to solve legal conflicts, therefore, is the major agenda of public and private stakeholders on the field 2 , and Brazil has experienced a huge growth in the number of legal technology companies as well as in the digitalization of courts and tribunals. 3

In this paper, we decided to highlight the initiatives carried out by the Judiciary Branch to establish partnerships with researchers for the use of artificial intelligence (AI) that assists in the classification and identification of claims, and even in the performance of the administrative acts that are necessary for the trial of repetitive cases.

Notably, the Brazilian Supreme Court (STF) recently announced the creation of an AI system, designed in a partnership with the University of Brasilia (UnB), named VICTOR. The AI’s nickname is a tribute to the deceased Minister Victor Nunes Leal, the former Justice responsible for the systematization of STF’s case law.

Referred to as the 12th Justice of the STF, the AI system, in its initial phase, has the goal of analysing the huge load of appeals presented before the High Court and to automate the evaluation of one of its prerequisites: …

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Ilustração de computador e livro
jusbrasil.com.br
4 de Julho de 2022
Disponível em: https://thomsonreuters.jusbrasil.com.br/doutrina/secao/1198075998/victor-the-brazilian-supreme-court-s-artificial-intelligence-a-beauty-or-a-beast-regulacao-40-vol-ii-ed-2020